Planning is primary; without knowing what is intended to be accomplished, the various stakeholders cannot intelligently undertake or provide for basic project activities. Without proper planning, even if a project starts well, it can drift unconsciously and unintentionally, reacting to daily occurrences without considering what will happen in the long run.

Planning is not however about developing forgone conclusions or maintaining early assumptions that become redundant as the project progresses. Planning helps establishes a basis for teamwork and anticipates problems and cope with change.

In this section, the toolkit outlines some of the steps that can be taken to ensure your project is well planned and that there is a shared vision and understanding about the project. It also points to some key considerations that are best addressed at this early stage so that they don’t become problems later on when they may be more difficult to resolve.